Functional Profile Dental Therapists | UK Prospects Network (2023)

As a dental therapist, you advise patients on their oral health and perform periodontal treatment and routine restorative work

You will have clinical and health promotion responsibilities within the dental team.

Dentists treat adults and children and can work in a variety of settings including the NHS, independent GP practices, periodontic or orthodontic specialists, education, research and the community.

Many dental therapists are both therapists and qualifieddental hygienist.Dental hygienists typically focus on preventive dental health and treatments, such as helping you keep your teeth and gums healthy. In addition, dental therapists perform some dental procedures, such as tooth restoration and extraction, and endodontics.


As a dental therapist, you provide clinical and educational care to patients. you should:

  • Communicate effectively with patients, obtain and evaluate their dental history and diagnose conditions
  • conducting clinical trials
  • Routine treatment, such as simple fillings and replacement of temporary fillings or crowns, root canal debridement, treatment of periodontal disease, and placement of prefabricated crowns on primary teeth (also known as deciduous or deciduous teeth)
  • scale and brushing
  • Treating and restoring baby teeth, called endodontics
  • extraction of deciduous teeth
  • Implant care and treatment of peri-implant tissues
  • Taking dental impressions and dental x-rays
  • Identify, recognize and interpret abnormalities and common pathologies
  • Remove plaque and other coatings
  • Advice on dental treatment for children and adults with special needs
  • Motivate and train individuals or groups on oral hygiene and healthy eating
  • Refer patients to other healthcare providers as needed
  • Accurately record a patient's dental history and dental treatment plan.

to pay

  • Dental therapists working in the NHS typically earn a starting salary between £25,655 and £39,027 (Band 5 or 6NHS pay scale change agenda).
  • Experienced dentists working as clinicians can expect to earn between £40,057 and £45,839 (Branch 7).
  • Hourly rates in private practice range from £20.00 to £50.00.

Salaries can vary widely, depending on a number of factors including your location, experience and skills, type of employer (ie private or NHS) and whether you are employed or self-employed.

Revenue figures are for reference only

operating hours

If working full-time, you typically work 37.5 hours per week, from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm. Depending on your employer, you may sometimes be required to work evenings or weekends.

If you work in a hospital, you may need to be on call on weekends or during shifts.

If you work in a municipal dental service, you will often be going back and forth between patients and medical centers. Flexibility is required.

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Part-time work is possible.

what can you expect

  • You will work as part of a dental team consisting of dentists, dental nurses, dental technicians and dental hygienists.
  • There are jobs all over the UK. With experience, you may choose to establish your own clinic.
  • You must wear protective clothing such as goggles, masks, and gloves to protect yourself and your patients from infectious diseases.
  • Eye strain, neck and back fatigue can be a problem due to the repetitive nature of some jobs.
  • Usually you don't have to travel during the day. However, if you work in a municipal dental service, you will often travel between patients and the health center. There are some opportunities for experienced dentists to work abroad.


To become a dental therapist you must be registered with the General Dental Council (GDC). To do this, you must have successfully completed a GDC-approved diploma or training. You must also have professional liability insurance.

Many training schools offer combined programs that qualify you to work as both a dentist and a dental hygienist.

The BSc program replaces many diploma programs and is three years full-time (four years in Scotland). Course titles vary and include BSc Oral Health Sciences, BSc Dental Therapy and Oral Hygiene or BSc Dental Therapy.

You will normally need at least five GCSEs at C(4) or above, including Maths, English and Science, and two or three A Levels, one of which must be in Biology or Human Biology. Some universities may also consider applicants who have completed a nationally recognized dental qualification with two A-levels (including one in Biology).

The Diploma program is full-time and lasts 27 months. You will normally take two A levels, including a relevant science subject, preferably biology. Other relevant entry qualifications are Diploma of Dental Hygienist Level 5/6 or Diploma of Dental Hygienist Level 3/4 plus A Level, preferably Biology.

Some institutions welcome applicants with at least a 2:2 or higher in science or health subjects.

Admission criteria vary by course, so please check with individual course providers for specific requirements, as well as information on fees and funding options. For a list, see the GDC websiteapproved courses.

Additionally, you must show that you are familiar with the profession. This can be achieved through work experience in dentistry or healthcare or through experience working with the help of a dentist. Ask individual course providers to find out what they are looking for.

You must successfully complete an Enhanced Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) check before being admitted to a training program in England and Wales (or the equivalent check in Scotland). For some courses, you must also undergo a health check with the University's Occupational Health and Safety Service. When applying for GDC registration, you must address any issues that may affect your ability to practice.

All pre-registered dental students taking qualifying courses (Levels 5 and 6) in England will receive non-refundable study aid of at least £5,000 per annum. For more information, seeNHS Learning Support Fund.

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Details of financial aid for students studying in Scotland and Wales are available from:


As a dentist, you must have:

  • Excellent communication and people skills, able to work with patients and advise them on dental and gum care in a calm and reassuring manner
  • Effective listening and good motivational skills, teaching patients about healthy oral hygiene and diet
  • Excellent dexterity and confidence in handling dental instruments and equipment
  • Ability to work in teams and independently
  • Interested in helping and advising people about taking good care of their teeth and gums
  • Good visibility and a steady hand to perform precision work
  • ability to concentrate for long periods of time
  • detail dish
  • Basic knowledge of IT and the ability to accurately write and maintain secure patient records
  • ability to think and reason
  • Sensitivity, compassion and a patient-centred approach to care
  • Deal with patients and colleagues in a friendly, confident and professional manner.

work experience

To be awarded a place on a course, you need to have some knowledge of the subject and demonstrate an interest in helping others. You can do this by following a dentist at a local dental practice or by volunteering at an institution such as a nursing home or hospice.

Dental hygienist experience is also helpful before applying to become a dentist.

Coursework includes both academic research and clinical work, so when you graduate and start looking for work, you'll gain practical work experience in hospital and community practice.

Read more about the different typesWork Experience and Internshipsusable.


Dentists are employed in:

  • General Dental Practices - As demand for oral care and treatment increases among young and elderly patients, the number of full-time and part-time general dental practice dentists providing NHS or private care to patients is increasing
  • Dental hospital - you can start your first job as a dental therapist in the NHS or in a private hospital, helping orthodontists through complex treatments and procedures
  • Community dental practices, including schools and nursing homes - perform clinical or educational work to ensure everyone has access to dental care
  • Orthodontist
  • Educational/Research Institutions - conduct research and provide education in dental hospitals
  • HM Prison Services
  • Defense Service - in the UK or overseas locations of the British Army, Royal Air Force and Royal Navy.

After gaining some experience, you can set up and manage your own independent practice.

There are also some opportunities for experienced dentists to work abroad.

Search job openings by:

specialized recruitment agencies such asDental EliteexistZest Dental WervingFull-time and part-time positions are also advertised.

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professional development

If you qualify, you can apply for the Dental Therapist Training Scheme Fund (DTFT). Specifically designed for newly qualified dental therapists entering the workplace, the program offers access to tailored clinical and educational support to further develop your skills, confidence and competence.

You'll need to educate yourself throughout your career to ensure your knowledge and skills stay current. Learn more about maintaining your GDC registration through professional developmentGDC - Dentist CPD.

Typical CPD activities may include:

  • attend lectures and courses
  • Attend hands-on clinical training or seminars
  • Attend a meeting or speak at a meeting
  • Participate in clinical audits or peer reviews.

BADT and BSDHT offer a variety of CPD events and annual conferences. Membership also provides access to networking opportunities, resources and advice.

If you are interested in developing your expertise in a professional area of ​​dental health such asorthodontic treatment.

Find a Graduate Dentistry Program.

career prospects

In dentistry, there are opportunities to further develop your interests and career. For example, with a few years of experience as a dental therapist, you can grow into a management position in a dental practice.

There are also opportunities to develop specialist skills that will enable you to perform other tasks such as:

  • Teeth whitening as prescribed by your dentist
  • Administration of inhaled sedation
  • The stitches are removed after the dentist has inspected the wound.

If you are interested in teaching and research, you can go on to work as a teacher, researcher or supervisor in a dental hospital/school.

Experienced dental therapists also have the opportunity to set up their own/independent dental practice.

You may also be eligible for thisdentisitBy receiving additional dental training. Some universities offer four-year or five-year graduate entry pathways and accept students who graduate from biology or chemistry courses with a 2:1 or better. Check eligibility criteria with individual course providers.

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Other related areas where you can pursue further education include orthodontic treatment, public health or ashealth improvement practitioner.

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Can dental therapists do fillings? ›

Therapists have had advanced training in the prevention of oral disease and will give specific targeted advice regarding any of your dental concerns or problems. They are able to provide the following services: Fillings using amalgam, composite, or any other direct filling material; for adults or for children.

How many countries have dental therapists? ›

Of the 54 countries and territories employing dental therapists, 33 are members of the Commonwealth of Nations. In the United States, the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium introduced dental therapists to care for Alaska Natives in tribal villages in 2005.

How much do dental therapists make in Nigeria? ›

Check your Pay

Salary range for the majority of workers in Dental assistants and therapists - from ₦19,158 to ₦79,830 per month - 2023. A Dental assistants and therapists typically earns between ₦19,158 and ₦58,197 net per month at the start of the job.

Why are dental therapists important? ›

Working under the supervision of a dentist, dental therapists provide routine preventive and restorative care such as cleanings, fillings, and simple extractions.

Can dental therapists do root canals? ›

The dental therapist is a woefully underused professional

However, what they cannot do is make crowns, dentures, bridges or carry out root-canal treatment; these procedures are still within the dentist's remit.

Can dental therapists drill? ›

In large part what distinguishes dental therapists from other midlevel dental providers (dental assistants, hygienists, and technicians and denturists) is the therapists' ability to drill and restore teeth and to perform simple extractions—“surgical” procedures that historically only dentists could perform.

Which country has the richest dentist? ›

These Are The Countries Paying The Highest Salaries For Dentists
RankCountryDentist Yearly Salary (£)
1United States£179,267
6 more rows

Which country gives most money as dentist? ›

Highest salaries for dentists
  • United States – £179,267.
  • Belgium – £149,773.
  • Denmark – £146,021.
  • Norway – £126,460.
  • Netherlands – £123, 116.
  • Finland – £118,692.
  • Iceland – £114,129.
  • Japan – £112,111.
Feb 11, 2021

Which country do dentists make the most money? ›

New study reveals the countries paying the highest salaries for dentists
RankCountryDentist yearly salary (£)
1United States£179,267
6 more rows
Feb 9, 2021

What is the highest paid dental therapist? ›

Dental Therapist Salary
25th Percentile Dental Therapist Salary$58,989US
50th Percentile Dental Therapist Salary$63,773US
75th Percentile Dental Therapist Salary$68,905US
90th Percentile Dental Therapist Salary$73,578US
1 more row

What is the highest paid dental? ›

The highest-paying dental specialty is oral and maxillofacial surgery. On average, dentists practicing in this specialty make $400,000 annually. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons treat injuries and head, neck, face, and jaw diseases.

What is the highest dentist salary per month? ›

Highest salary that a Dentist can earn is ₹5.8 Lakhs per year (₹48.3k per month).

Who is the most important person in the dental practice? ›

The most important person on your dental office team is the patient!

How many dental therapy programs are there in the US? ›

There are currently five dental therapy programs in the United States, one in Alaska, one in Washington, and three in Minnesota. Three of these programs are CODA accredited.

What is most important in dentistry? ›

In addition to being skilled in oral surgery, a dentist must also be proficient in oral hygiene. Proper oral care includes brushing and flossing teeth regularly, eating a balanced diet, and avoiding tobacco and acid-reflux foods.

What type of dentist is best for root canal? ›

Endodontists are highly skilled dental specialists in diagnosing and treating tooth pain and performing root canal treatment.

What if the dentist can't do a root canal? ›

Even so, we may still be able to save a tooth through a minor surgical procedure called an apicoectomy. Rather than access the diseased area through the tooth crown as with a root canal treatment, an apicoectomy makes access to the infected tissue at the root end.

Can a dental hygienist diagnose periodontal disease? ›

It is ultimately the dentist's responsibility to diagnose periodontal disease and formulate a treatment plan, but it is the dental hygienist's responsibility to present his or her findings, supporting the diagnosis.

What does DT stand for in dentistry? ›

Definition. Dental Therapists (DTs) are mid–level practitioners licensed by the Board of Dentistry and members of an oral health care team. They provide evaluative, preventive, restorative and minor surgical dental care within their scope of practice. Dental Therapists (DT) work under the direction of a dentist.

Can a dentist drill without numbing? ›

The reason dentists usually numb your mouth as part of the dental filling procedure is that they need to drill out some decayed tissue from the inside of the tooth. This can be done without numbing the mouth, but as a precaution, it is usually best to numb the area as it can be quite painful if not.

What is the drill called in dentistry? ›

While the dental drill, sometimes known as a dental handpiece, is used to drill holes (preparing teeth for fillings), it is also used for removing decay, polishing fillings, performing cosmetic dentistry, and altering prostheses. It truly is one of the most handy dental tools out there (no pun intended).

Are dentists richer than doctors? ›

Dentists in some places are so well compensated that they earn more than the average doctor. According to a 2012 report in The Journal of the American Medical Association, the average hourly wage of a dentist in America is $69.60 vs. $67.30 for a physician.

Which state has the most dentists? ›


Which country is easiest to work as a dentist? ›

Best countries to migrate for an Indian Dentist: Ranked!
  • Rank 1: United Arab Emirates. Starting to practice in the UAE is probably the easiest and quickest for Indians. ...
  • Rank 2: Australia. ...
  • Rank 3: The UK. ...
  • Rank 4: Canada. ...
  • Rank 5: New Zealand. ...
  • Rank 6: The United States of America.

What state pays the best for dentists? ›

The average general dentist in America earns $180,830, with the highest-paid dentists coming rom Rhode Island and the lowest-paid ones living in West Virginia. Overall, a career as a dentist ranks No. 11 among highest-paying U.S. jobs.

Which dentist makes the most money in USA? ›

Common high-paying specialties in dentistry include:
  • Periodontist. Periodontists specialize in gum health and care. ...
  • Prosthodontist. A prosthodontist specializes in treating and replacing missing teeth. ...
  • Endodontist. ...
  • Orthodontist. ...
  • Oral and maxillofacial surgeon.
Mar 3, 2023

What state is the easiest to get a dental license in? ›

As you know, each state has their own timeframe in which a new license can be issued. However, here are the states where you can get a new dentist license in two months or less. At a quick glance, Vermont and Utah have the fastest turnaround time. Read on to learn about the specifics of each state.

What is the lowest paid dental hygienist? ›

How Much Do Dental Hygienist Jobs Pay per Year? $75,500 is the 25th percentile. Salaries below this are outliers. $97,000 is the 75th percentile.

Can dental hygienist make 6 figures? ›

Depending on the cost of living in your area and the amount of experience that you have, the average dental hygienist salary is just over $81,360 per year, with higher earners topping $100,200 per year.

What do most dentists make a year? ›

The average Dentist salary in California is $165,950 ( $79.78 per hour) as of 2021, but the range typically falls between $78,850 and $>208,000.

Which MDS make the most money? ›

Here are some of the highest paying dentistry fields:
  1. Pedodontist. National average salary: ₹35,002 per month. ...
  2. General dentist. National average salary: ₹20,085 per month. ...
  3. Periodontist. National average salary: ₹31,112 per month. ...
  4. Prosthodontist. ...
  5. Endodontist. ...
  6. Oral and maxillofacial surgeon. ...
  7. Orthodontist.
Mar 3, 2023

What is the hardest dental specialty? ›

orthodontics. This is probably the hardest one to be accepted into. There is also a good future and remuneration for this specialty. Parents will always put their children first and tooth malocclusion will be more and more prevalent as different homogeneous gene pools intermix.

What is the highest paid therapist per hour? ›

How Much Do Therapist Jobs Pay per Hour?
Annual SalaryHourly Wage
Top Earners$104,000$50
75th Percentile$74,000$36
25th Percentile$48,000$23

What is the salary of DDS in the US? ›

A dentist in USA salary is roughly 238,000 dollars per year. Salaries range from 117,000 USD to 372,000 USD. Average dentist pay varies greatly depending on experience, skills, and region.

What state pays dental hygienist the most? ›

What states pay dental hygienists the highest?
  • Alaska. Alaska is ranked first and the top state for Dental hygienists that can make 6 figures with $115,050 yearly mean compensation, $55.31 hourly mean wage, and 610 employed Dental Hygienists.
  • California. ...
  • Washington. ...
  • District of Columbia. ...
  • Nevada. ...
  • New Jersey. ...
  • Maryland. ...
  • Colorado.
Jul 30, 2021

Why do dental hygienists make so much? ›

Dental hygienists are paid so much because they are licensed professionals working in the dental care industry. Oral health is important, and failure to take good care of the teeth and gums can lead not only to dental issues but other serious health problems, too, such as diabetes and heart disease.

How stressful is being a dentist? ›

Providing quality care while staying on a strict time schedule can be very stressful. Patients become frustrated if they have to wait too long. Most dentists work very hard to balance patient needs and their busy schedules. Emergencies and complications happen, and day after day, this is an added stressor.

What is pharmacist salary? ›

Who is the grandfather of dentistry? ›

Pierre Fauchard (2 January 1679 – 21 March 1761) was a French physician, credited as being the "father of modern dentistry". He is widely known for writing the first complete scientific description of dentistry, Le Chirurgien Dentiste ("The Surgeon Dentist"), published in 1728.

What personalities do dentists have? ›

Common personality traits
  • Comfortable with close personal interaction. ...
  • Easy to talk to. ...
  • Trustworthy. ...
  • A detail-oriented person. ...
  • Artistic. ...
  • A leader. ...
  • Excited about the profession of dentistry. ...
  • Passionate about providing care to those in need.

What is the newest dental specialty? ›

introduction to dental assisting
The newest dental specialty is?oral and maxillofacial radiology
The member of the dental health team who is licensed to scale and polish the teeth is the?Dental Hygienist
Model trimmers and dental lathes are found in the?Dental laboratory
7 more rows

Where is the best place to practice Dentistry in the US? ›

The 5 Best States to Practice Dentistry in 2023 for New Graduates
  • 5 Best States to Practice Dentistry. ...
  • #5: Montana: Starting with a Low Cost of Living. ...
  • #4: Nevada: Great Tax Rates and Competitive Dentist Pay. ...
  • #3: South Dakota: Making Money Go Further with Low Costs. ...
  • #2: New Hampshire: Fifth in Pay for Dentists.
Dec 15, 2022

Which dental school is easiest to get into USA? ›

Some of the easiest dental schools to get into are the University of Mississippi, A.T. Still University - Missouri School of Dentistry & Oral Health, East Carolina University School of Dentistry, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry, and Ohio State University College of Dentistry.

Which US dental school has the highest acceptance rate? ›

The University of Mississippi has one of the highest acceptance rates The school has an average acceptance rate of about 38%, which is much higher than many of its competitor dental schools. The University of Minnesota also has a high acceptance rate at approximately 38%.

What is the most painful dental procedure? ›

Root canals are considered to be the most painful because they require removing the nerve tissue on a tooth's root. The removal of the nerve tissue is not only excruciatingly painful but also commonly leads to infection.

What is the ultimate goal of dentistry? ›

Ultimately, the goal of preventive dentistry is to preserve your teeth and your smile for your lifetime.

What are soft skills in dentistry? ›

Strong Communication Skills

You'll need to listen, understand, and be able to accurately relay information to the appropriate people. Listening skills are especially important when a dentist gives you directions, like which x-rays a patient needs, or which tools you'll need to set up for an upcoming procedure.

What's the difference between dental hygienist and dental therapist? ›

A dental hygienist is a healthcare professional who is dedicated to looking after the health of your teeth. They often provide a thorough teeth cleaning service called a scale and polish. Whereas a dental therapist can offer a wider range of care including checkups, fillings and children's dentistry too.

What is a therapist dentist? ›

A Dental Therapist is a practitioner who is responsible for the general dental care of people under the age of 18. This involves being responsible for their dental check-ups, providing preventative treatment, restorative treatment, the removal of teeth, and pulpotomies.

Can orthodontists do fillings? ›

Only a dentist can help with cavities, gum disease and more, while only an orthodontist can straighten your teeth in a certain way.

Can a dentist do a filling without drilling? ›

Cavities filled without the drill

“A clear resin is injected into the tooth and fills in the cavity in order to stop it from getting bigger.” Resin infiltration is particularly effective at repairing what dentists call “white spot lesions” on the front teeth.

What is the highest paid Dental Hygienist? ›

How Much Does a Dental Hygienist Make? Dental Hygienists made a median salary of $77,810 in 2021. The best-paid 25% made $98,260 that year, while the lowest-paid 25% made $73,540.

Can a hygienist do fillings? ›

Can Hygienists Do Fillings? If your dental hygienist is trained to do so, they may complete fillings under the dentist's advice. Dental therapy is a separate qualification, but usually, dental hygienists will have both this and a hygiene qualification.

What is the hardest part of being a Dental Hygienist? ›

If you only perform one or two tasks a day, it is crucial to be aware of your arm and hand movements to reduce your risk of long-term injury. Taking x-rays, examining teeth, and using dental tools most of the day can lead to injuries like carpal tunnel or a ruptured disc in your spine.

What is the other name for dental therapist? ›

An Oral Health Therapist (OHT) is a 3 year degree-qualified clinician who has completed studies in dental hygiene and dental therapy. An OHT mostly perform hygiene treatments with some other dental treatments for children up to the age of 18.

Do dentists care about mental health? ›

“Dentists are very willing to help,” says Dr. Albers. “They've seen signs and symptoms of conditions before. And a dentist and therapist working together can help you to work on your mental health issues, and protect your oral health and overall health.”

Is a therapist like a doctor? ›

As medical doctors, they can diagnose and treat mental illnesses and prescribe medications. Therapists, on the other hand, may have a master's degree in psychology, social work, or counseling and typically offer various forms of talk therapy to treat mental health conditions.

Can a root canal be done with braces? ›

Can I HAVE a root canal when I am wearing braces? The answer is “ABSOLUTELY”. There are many reasons why a tooth needs a root canal, including but very rarely due to orthodontic forces. Regardless of the reason for the need for a root canal, having braces and getting a root canal can happen simultaneously.

Can dentists fill cavities with braces? ›

If you are wearing metal braces, in most cases, a cavity can be filled without removing wires. However, if your dentist is unable to access the decayed tooth, we can temporarily remove the wire so your dentist can fill the cavity.

What do dentists do with fillings? ›

Overview. A filling is used to treat a small hole, or cavity, in a tooth. To repair a cavity, a dentist removes the decayed tooth tissue and then fills the space with a filling material.

What happens if a dentist drills too deep for a filling? ›

If a dentist drills too deep, he or she might cut through the bottom of the tooth. This can create an infection, swelling, and failure of the procedure. A failed root canal may lead to loss of the tooth, damage to the jaw bone, and gum issues.

What is the new technology for tooth filling? ›

Resin infiltration is a technique to fill very small cavities — those at an early stage — without drilling away tooth structure. “A clear resin is injected into the tooth and fills in the cavity in order to stop it from getting bigger,” Lawson said.

Can a dentist do a filling without an xray? ›

If you are only having a filling an x-ray may not be necessary if the cavity is plainly visible. However, if the extent of the decay is not plainly visible and/or you require additional treatment an x-ray may be necessary.


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